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Vocal Range

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Published on  |  Last Updated on May 16, 2024

Hey folks! Vocal range is a term that gets thrown around a lot among singers, singing classes and in choirs. We believe that singers with a wide vocal range can sing a variety of musical genres. Indeed, that is true!

Ergo, I am going to guide you through tips for improving vocal range and to sing higher notes straining, useful vocal range exercises to improve vocal range. You can also find deets about our vocal range test.


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Let’s get going!

What is Vocal Range?

Vocal range is the range of pitches that a singer can sing comfortably without any strain in the voice. Vocal range differs from person to person. As everyone’s voice is unique and different in some way, it is next to impossible to have the same vocal range as another singer. There are singers with wide vocal range and some have limited vocal range. With that being said, practicing vocal range exercises is simply one of the greatest tips for increasing vocal range irrespective of gender.

It has now become easier to find your vocal range through vocal range exercises and vocal range tests available online for free. Basically, this concept in music starts at the lowest note till the highest note one can sing easily and comfortably. To understand this better and to sing higher notes without straining, let’s take a ride through voice registers.

Voice Registers and the Fundamentals of Vocal Range

Before we begin, check out my other article on Anatomy of Voice to know the mechanism of production of voice in a human body. Now, voice registers refer to the usage of different areas of our body to sing low or high notes. Basically, there are 4 voice registers.. Singers with a wide vocal range are the ones who understand voice registers well enough to do the vocal range exercises correctly.
There are 4 voice registers that every singer looking for tips for improving vocal range should definitely know about.

Chest voice

Ideally, when we speak you can feel that your chest part vibrates. That’s because we use our chest register when we speak. So, the voice used for singing the lower pitches is called the chest voice. In the chest register, you can feel the sound resonating in the chest part. Therefore, you can feel the vibration when you sing in the chest register.

Note that studying voice registers is yet another one of excellent tips for improving vocal range. Moving onto the head register.

Head Voice

Head voice is the upper range of where the sound or your voice resonates in the head. Usually, the sound produced in the head register is much lighter than that of the chest register. However, we can make it strong through warming up for singing and vocal range. Vocal range exercises also play an important part in helping us sing higher notes without straining our head voice.

Mixed Voice

Alright, you guessed right! Mixed voice is a mixture or blend of head and chest voice. Mixed voice lets singers transition from low notes to high, smoothly. Sound in this register usually sounds as if it’s resonating in the chest part. Exercises to improve vocal range also help in the smooth transition.


Falsetto is basically a voice technique used by both male and female singers to sing high pitches that are higher than their vocal range. Singers with a wide vocal range also use falsetto from time to time.

We also have a whistle register which is the highest register of human voice.

Before I tell you how to find your vocal range, let’s quickly glance at voice types

Average Vocal Range by Voice Type

Here are different voice types with their vocal range. Check out Types of Singing Voice to get a deeper understanding of the concept.

1. Soprano:

Soprano has the highest tessitura (tessitura is another term used for vocal range) of all the voice types. Sopranos are singers with a wide vocal range. An average vocal range of a soprano voice type is C4 to C6. Sometimes, even higher.

2. Mezzo Soprano

Mezzo sopranos are literally called the half sopranos who would generally sing the soprano counterparts in a choir. This voice doesn’t have a vocal range as high as sopranos. The average vocal range by voice type of an alto singer is A3 to A5.

3. Alto.

Altos and contraltos have the lower range of female voices. Their voices have a deep resonant tone. Altos’ average vocal range is G3 to E5. Everyone learning singing usually takes a vocal test to know which voice type they belong to.

4. Tenor.

Tenor is the highest vocal range among male singers. There are so many famous singers with wide vocal ranges who happen to be tenor singers. To name a few Luciano Pavarotti in the classical and Bruno Mars in contemporary. An average tenor singer’s vocal range is C3-E5. Sometimes even higher.

5. Baritones

Baritones are the counterparts of tenors. Tenor vs baritone vocal range happen to be the discussion of the decade. The average vocal range of a baritone is A2 to A4. But, not exactly they are singers with a wide range. They can adjust according to their repertoire.


Did You Know?

Baritones were not recognized as a voice type until the 19th century.

6. Bass

Bass has the lowest vocal range in the whole SATB group of singers. Famous singers with wide vocal range in bass include Johnny Cash, Avi Kaplan. Their vocal range ranges from E2–E4 and even lower.

Now comes the million dollar question!!

How to Find Your Vocal Range?

The best place to start is to sit on a piano and start to sing a note. On the piano, locate the corresponding note. And keep increasing the pitch to the highest possible pitch you can sing and do the same with the lowest possible pitch. Avoid forcing anything at all. Your range isn’t being tested just yet! just lightly and easily warming up the vocal cords. Repeat three or five times. Here is a superb vocal exercise that can help you determine your vocal range.

Make the entire process as simple and easy as possible, whether you are using any singing apps or a piano. If you hear a “break” in your voice anywhere, don’t be shocked. Try to understand your highest and lowest notes that you have recorded.

You should not be shocked if you don’t match one precisely because they are only meant to serve as a general guide.

How to use a Vocal Range Test?

Head on to the Vocal Range Finder of MUSICMASTER and find your vocal range today!
So here are the instructions on how to use a vocal range tester..

Basically, any vocal range finder will help you find your lowest note and your highest note that you can sing. You can try vocal range exercises while taking a vocal range test.

All you have to do is sing your lowest note and the vocal range test app will detect the pitch and display the name of the note on the screen. Likewise, sing the highest note that you can sing comfortably without straining your vocal cords. That note will be displayed with the number of the octave next to it.

And that’s how you can find your vocal range. It doesn’t really matter if you are a singer with a wide vocal range or not. Find your vocal range using a vocal range test app and then follow the tips for improving vocal range along with vocal range exercises.

Best Vocal Range Exercises

I don’t think there are greater tips for improving vocal range than vocal range exercises. Some of the best exercises to improve vocal range include

  1. Lip trills can do wonders. I always do lip trills while warming up for singing and vocal range.
  2. Arpeggios are also my personal favorite. I’d say arpeggios in descending order is more practical when it comes to exercises to improve range.
  3. Never forget sirens. Yet another best vocal range exercise to become a singer with a wide vocal range.
  4. Octave jumps have also helped me increase my vocal range. It usually helps to sing higher notes without straining your vocal cords. Jumps eases the strain.
  5. Yawning and sighing while warming up for singing and vocal range is also a fantastic tip for becoming a singer with a wide vocal range.

In addition to that, try out these vocal range exercises everyday to become a singer with a wide vocal range. With a very kind reminder to practice consistently and patiently let us now look into a few best and proven tips for improving vocal range.

Tips for Improving Vocal Range

Warming up for singing and expanding vocal range

Undoubtedly, Practicing is one of the greatest tips for improving vocal range. More than that, practicing vocal range exercises regularly is what one needs to become a singer with a wide vocal range.

But what to practice and how to practice right?

Find the different vocal range exercises that I’ve mentioned above. It helped expand my vocal range and practice them at least 15 mins everyday.

Breath right to sing higher notes without strain

Yep! You’ve heard that right. I analyzed yet another useful tip for improving vocal range: diaphragmatic breathing. Diaphragmatic breathing lets you use all the muscles in your abdomen. So right exercises to improve vocal range in diaphragmatic is about all you need to sing higher notes without straining your vocal cords.

Stay hydrated to ease vocal cords tension

You should definitely check out What to Drink to have a Good Voice to know exactly how to ease vocal cords tension and why you should do that to sing higher notes without straining. Most importantly, a dry throat can make you tired and hinder the possibility of having a wide vocal range.

Posture and relaxed muscles.

This may sound weird. Right posture is relaxed muscles. Look at the picture shown above. Stand in front of the mirror and do your vocal range exercises. And Presto! Another fantastic tip for improving vocal range

Try singing songs that’s higher than your vocal range.

This is a long shot and a tiring one, I might add. You cannot sing the lyrics right away. You should not! Hum the entire song. You may feel a little tightness in your throat. Try to raise your soft palettes to avoid that.

Here are a few of the best songs for practicing vocal range.

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Closing thoughts !

Improving your vocal range cannot happen in one day. It is okay to take a longer time. Remember you must have your voice warmed up before starting to reach higher or lower notes. I would also recommend taking guidance from a professional to avoid singing high or low notes without straining. So book your demo with us MUSICMASTER. Happy singing Ya’ll!

As a beginner, after learning about Vocal Ranges, its always very pertinent to keep singing tips at hand. The importance of warming up and warming down your throat, the importance of keeping your throat hydrated are a few things that one should miss.


1. what is vocal range?

Vocal range is the span of lower to higher pitches one can sing comfortably.

2. how to expand your vocal range?

Best way to expand your vocal range is by practicing vocal range exercises.

3. What is the highest vocal note ever sung?

Unbelievably, G10 is the highest vocal note ever sung by a Brazilian singer.

4. how to find your vocal range?

Use a vocal range test or finder app. You can sing and check by playing the note on a piano and find your vocal range.

5. What is my voice type quiz??

Voice type quiz is a bunch of questions found online that helps you find your vocal range.

6. difference between soprano and mezzo-soprano?

The notable difference between soprano and mezzo soprano is the vocal range and the color timbre.

7. Can you change your voice type?

You can make the resonation of your tone different.

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Annie Jennifer
Annie Jennifer is a Playback Singer, Tutor and an Arranger. She is a Full Time Musician with a Diploma (ATCL) in Western Classical and Jazz from Trinity College of London. She also holds a degree in Hindustani Classical Music From ABGMV, Mumbai. She also writes Creatives and Subject Matter Contents for MusicMaster.

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