The first step in playing the Guitar is to tune the Guitar properly. You will never be able to get the melody if the Guitar is not tuned properly. In fact it will be frustrating as a beginner player if you are not able to get the exact note. Don't worry we have got you covered and you have everything here and you will learn how to tune a Guitar.
There are many kinds of tuning, but the most commonly used one is called as standard tuning. Notes from the thinnest to thickest string if you pluck the open strings are EBGDAE.
Room temperature, humidity, regular playing etc. affects Guitar tuning. So remember to tune your Guitar every time before you start to practising and regularly even while practising.
Use a pick or your thumb to play each string firmly - not too hard or soft.
Use a Guitar tuner to get the right notes
If the note is high tune flat (towards you).
If the note is low tune sharp (away from you).
This is an old fashioned way, but most of the professional Guitarists are adept in tuning the Guitar using the ear. This comes with lot of practise and experience, so if you are a beginner this method will be daunting.
Once you have tuned all the string play a few chords or solo pieces and check if it sounds right. In the beginning it will be difficult to tell the difference but with practise and experience your ear will develop and you will be able to tune your Guitar like a pro.
When you pluck or strum the Guitar strings, they start vibrating. This sets surround air molecules into vibrational motion. The frequency at which these air molecules vibrate is equal to the frequency of vibration of the Guitar string. Unit of measurement of frequency is Hertz (Hz).
The chart shows the string frequencies of standard tuning. Standard tuning is Guitar is tuned as EBGDAE (thinnest to thickest string) on the pitch standard A440, which is 440 Hz frequency. This is the standard which most Guitarists use in the recording studios.
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