The shruti box or Tanpura is used in Indian classical singing style - Carnatic or Hindustani.
A shruti box similar to that of a harmonium and is used by singers as accompaniment to provide key
or a reference point. This is used in Carnatic style.
A tanpura or tambura is a long necked string instrument that is used as accompaniment to provide pitch
or a reference point. This is used in Hindustani style.
In both carnatic and hindustani styles the accompaniments described above produces a drone. A drone is a particular
note or chord is produced continuously without gap or interruption.
Shruti Box or Sruti Box
Musicians following Carnatic style call this instrument as Shruti box or Sruti box.
Musicians following Hindustani style call this instrument as Tanpura.
Why do singers use Shruti box or Tanpura?
Shruti box or Tanpura is must have for all singers of both style both during practise and stage shows.
In the olden days this note was given by harmonium or using a stringed instruments. In today's world musicians
use Electronic devise or an APP to produce that drone.
The drone serves as the reference point for the singer and band for the key in which the song has to be performed.
Sometimes the singers will have to perform many songs in different keys in a show or during practise. The shruti box
or tanpura comes very useful in such a scenario.
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